Preparation of Ghana's Initial Biennial Update Report to UNFCCC

Project General Information



Climate change

Climate Change


1.          Ghana became party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) after Parliament of Ghana ratified the instrument of the Convention in September, 1995. Since then, the country has undertaken wide-range of activities as part of the efforts to ensure the effective implementation of the Convention. This has largely become possible through the support from multilateral and bilateral donors such as the Global Environment Facility (GEF), UNDP, UNEP the Netherlands Government, GIZ, DANIDA and JICA. Prominent among the number of projects Ghana has benefitted from when it became party to the Convention, include; preparation and submission of its first and second national communications to UNFCCC as part of its obligation under Article 4 and 12 and the participation of Ghana in the Netherland Climate Assistance Project, which enabled Ghana to conduct and document the impacts of climate change on the Ghanaian economy.

2.          The national communications, apart from helping Ghana to meet its commitments under the Convention, has also contributed to building sustained capacities and strong synergies among other multilateral environmental Conventions. It has also contributed to efforts of the Government in integrating climate change into national development. It has also helped to raise greater awareness among key stakeholders and the general public on the issues of climate change. In 2003, Ghana implemented a project on National Capacity Self-Assessment for Global Environmental Management (NCSA) with funding from GEF. The project assessed Ghana’s capacity to implement the Rio Conventions. The NCSA resulted in the designing and implementation of the Ghana Environment Conventions Coordinating Authority (GECCA) project which is aimed at putting in place institutional arrangements for coordinated implementation of the three Rio Conventions.  

3.          The GEF has also provided funds for Ghana to undertake its climate change technology needs and needs assessment in 2003. This has enabled Ghana to tackle climate change effectively by providing the enabling environment for the promotion and adoption of environmentally sound technologies. The first TNA was limited to exploring technologies, which support climate mitigation. With latest round of technology needs assessments, emphasis was placed on climate adaptation. This is to complement the earlier one and provide an additional framework for supporting its implementation. “Promoting of Appliance Energy Efficiency and Transformation of the Refrigerating Appliance Market in Ghana’s; Climate Change Adaptation and Health; the Africa Adaption Programme and the Ghana Urban Transport are some the flagship projects that are underway to support mainstreaming climate change in sector planning and interventions.

4.          Ghana has demonstrated its resolve to make the country’s development climate compatible. This is because most of the economic development sectors are sensitive to climate change. Government has therefore committed itself to fully mainstream climate change into national development planning and make sector planning more responsive to addressing the negative impacts of climate change. Ghana’s Shared Growth and Development Agenda (GSGDA) is the national development blue print, which is being implemented between, 2010-2013. The GSGDA provides strategic directions on national development; including steps for making economy of Ghana climate smart. This is translated into a number of sector initiatives especially in most of the vulnerable sectors. Of particular significance is the formulation of a National Climate Change Policy (NCCPF) at the instance of the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology (MEST). The NCCPF has been fashioned to stimulate and drive environment-sector led economy-wide actions on climate change with emphasis on three pillars; climate change adaptation, low emission and social development in a synergistic manner. Low emission development (LED) is a major component of the NCCPF. It seeks to develop strategies and measures to help aligning Ghana’s development to low-emission intensity pathway. Ghana believes that pursuing low emission development could unlock additional economic and climate mitigation opportunities for the greater benefits to its development. To further demonstrate its resolve to pursue low emission development agenda, Ghana has made strong political statement by associating itself with the Copenhagen Accord emerged from the COP 15.

It further responded to the Accord by submitting its diverse list of fifty-five (55) nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) to the secretariat of the UNFCCC. Though the list of NAMAs was comprehensive in terms of coverage of sectors, it did not contain enough elaboration of information necessary for sound decision-making. As part of efforts to further develop its LED strategies, Ghana has actively engaged in efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+).

Expedited Enabling Activity(EA)




GEF Trust Fund

Stage Grant to UNEP Grant to other IA Co-Financing UNEP Fee Other IA Fee
$ 352,000.00 $ 0.00 $ 30,000.00 $ 33,440.00 $ 0.00


United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)


Executing Agency Category
National Government Agency

Partner Category

Name Category Period
GEF Staff

Low Risk

Not Applicable


Fiscal Year Project activities and objectives met

$ 0.00