Technology Needs Assessments - Phase III

Project General Information



Climate change

Climate Change


1. Project Description. Briefly describe:


1)      the global environmental and/or adaptation problems, root causes and barriers that need to be addressed;


Despite the global and national recognition of the need for technology transfer, barriers like high costs of new technology and lack of access to finance, lack of awareness and access to technical information, inadequate or restrictive government policies and regulations, lack of institutions to promote and implement new technologies, and lack of skilled human resources can all hinder efforts to transfer technologies from one country to another. Addressing barriers in a holistic and complementary manner is necessary for leveraging technology investments and achieving more rapid diffusion of climate friendly technologies. The Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the UNFCCC’s Expert Group on Technology Transfer (EGTT) have noted that there is no single approach to enhancing technology transfer, and that the identification, analysis and means of overcoming barriers must therefore be country and/or technology specific.


This project will adress some of these barriers, by building national capacities, institutionalising the Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) process, integrating TNA results into planning processeses, facilitating national dialogue with policy makers and investors and monitoring TNA and Technology Action Plan (TAP) policy and investment actions.



2)      the baseline scenario or any associated baseline projects,


The project responds directly to Article 4.5 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which states, inter-alia, that the “...developed country Parties and other developed Parties included in Annex II shall take practicable steps to promote, facilitate and finance, as appropriate, the transfer of, or access to, environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties. Other Parties and organizations in a position to do so may also assist in facilitating the transfer of such technologies.”


In this context, with GEF funding, UNEP DTU Partnership as the executing agency supported 36 countries to conduct a TNA process during 2009-2013 (Phase 1) and is currently supporting 26 more countries to do so (Phase II). UNEP DTU partnerships, hereinafter refereded to UDP is the former UNEP Risø Centre. UDP is a leading international research and advisory institution on energy, climate and sustainable development. The detailed list of countries is available under Annex 1. Among all developing countries, 54 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) haven’t conducted TNAs yet (among those 41 are LDCs and 22 are SIDS – with 9 being both LDCs and SIDS). The full list of countries is available under Annex 2.


The Paris Agreement has identified technology as a key area where developing countries need support, and in particular LDCs and SIDS. In its article 10, the agreement states that “Parties share a long-term vision on the importance of fully realizing technology development and transfer in order to improve resilience to climate change and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions” (Para 1, article 10). In particular the decision calls for a technology framework that facilitates: (a)The undertaking and updating of technology needs assessments, as well as the enhanced implementation of their results, particularly technology action plans and project ideas, through the preparation of bankable projects; (b)The provision of enhanced financial and technical support for the implementation of the results of the technology needs assessments; (c) The assessment of technologies that are ready for transfer; (d) The enhancement of enabling environments for and the addressing of barriers to the development and transfer of socially and environmentally sound technologies; (para 68). The agreement also affirms the importance of building capacities of developing countries to “facilitate technology development, dissemination and deployment” and that “Capacity-building should be country-driven, based on and responsive to national needs, and foster country ownership of Parties (…) guided by lessons learned, including those from capacity-building activities under the Convention, and should be an effective, iterative process that is participatory, cross-cutting and gender-responsive” (article 11, para 1 and 2).


Although technologies have been identified as a key factor of success to reach climate change related targets, the information contained in INDCs and existing documents are not enough to plan and implement technology projects that will enable the countries to reach their targets. The TNA – as the national participatory process providing in-depth analysis of technology options and actions – offers a collection of the information for decision-makers and planners as a first step to implement technology action. Therefore this project will be the continuation of the two previous phases of TNAs while building on lessons learnt and best practices from previous experience, mainly to ensure the project will produce outputs that will be effectively used by policy-makers in the countries.


The preliminary results of the evaluation of  TNA Phase I and the TEC brief on Good practices of Technology Needs Assessments, from October 2015 point out a number of challenges encountered in previous phases including the risks of TNAs to be conducted as a standalone process, disconnected from current efforts of national stakeholders and national planning processes; the level of quality and depth of TAPs and projects ideas, especially regarding market and economic information, the need to have TNAs developed by sectoral experts; the need for increased inter-regional and inter-country collaboration and experience sharing; and the challenge of connecting national stakeholders which has been facilitated in previous phases by the proposed TNA instituitional set-up at country level but would benefit from additional attention for strengthening the political support of high level decision makers and the engagement of donors and investors for the uptake of prioritized technology actions in these new countries. In this context, this third phase proposes an improved approach addressing these needs, especially reinforcing national capacities and quality of TNA/TAP outputs and  strenghtening the relationships with donors and investors at national level, and thus increasing the uptake of theses products. These additional improvements imply a slight increase in funds, which will be channelled to in-country activities.


Main improvements include:

·         National trainings for a wider team of stakeholders in the country (i.e. National TNA committee) in order to strenghten capacities and engagement of a wider array of stakeholders from various concerned sectors (such as Finance, Economic Affairs, Energy, Health, Agriculture and Transport). This will strengthen commitment of the national TNA stakeholders in supporting and informing the TNA process and therefore contribute to increase the quality of TNA and TAP products, and integrate information needed by policy makers and funders in the TAP. It will also enable countries to develop TAP ouputs in smaller groups with sectoral experts, collaborating with national consultants. In addition, this will contribute to raise TNA interest of high-level policy makers and will enable TNAs integrationg into national planning processes. This activity is proposed as part of Component 2.

·         Peer-to-peer inter-country workshops, conducted in country with successful previous TNA experience to facilitate best practices and knowledge sharing between countries, also including cooperation with ‘champions’ from previous phases of TNA. This activity is proposed as part of Component 2.

 National events and roundtables to present TNA/TAP products to potential donors, development partners and investors. This will facilitate the creation of parnerships between the government and these actors for the financing and implementation of technology actions prirotized by the countries. More specifically, based on donors and investors interest from the TAP, a number of project ideas will be identified to be developed more in-depth, and to be translated into sound project concepts to be submitted to targeted donors/investors. This activity is proposed as part of Component 3

Expedited Enabling Activity(EA)



Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Central African Republic, Chad, Djibouti, Dominica, Eritrea, Guinea, Haiti, Jamaica, Liberia, Malawi, Nauru, Niger, Myanmar, Sao Tome and Principe, Suriname, Uganda

GEF Trust Fund

Stage Grant to UNEP Grant to other IA Co-Financing UNEP Fee Other IA Fee
$ 5,913,000.00 $ 0.00 $ 750,000.00 $ 513,000.00 $ 0.00



Executing Agency Category

Partner Category

Name Category Period

Low Risk


Fiscal Year Project activities and objectives met

$ 0.00