Technology Needs Assessment for Brazil

Project General Information



01352



Climate change

Climate Change

VI





Brazil is a country in an intermediate stage of scientific and technological development. Despite a relevant advance in the scientific production in recent years, there’s still a significant gap in relation to developed countries. Moreover, there’s a larger gap when it comes to technological development, which involves the capacity to incorporate knowledge into new goods and services. Between 2000 and 2010, there’s been a significant increase in national efforts towards science, technology and innovation, in a landscape of higher growth rates.

 

Although expressive in historical terms, such growth has not been sufficient to reduce the above-mentioned gap. Thus, innovation has been assumed as a priority of the National Strategy on Science, Technology and Innovation 2012-2015, and new instruments have been devised so as to increase private sector participation in the innovation process and also to establish counterparts to foreign direct investment (internalization of R&C centres, association with national companies, technology transfer and local content). Instruments for promoting research and innovation have been created and enhanced since 2000; however, twenty years of recession and hyperinflation have led the private sector to poorly innovate and to adopt a passive culture with regard to technology transfer, which has just begun to change.

 

It should be noted that Brazil’s perspective on technology transfer is broad, encompassing the different stages of the technology cycle, including Research, Development and Innovation (RD&I), demonstration, deployment, diffusion and transfer.

 

Concerning solar power, photovoltaic is an area in which Brazil is searching for advanced technology, by means of, inter alia, cooperation agreements with excellence centres with a view to promote capacity-building, exchange of information and project execution. Furthermore, electricity production from high-temperature solar energy is an area of little development in the country. Regarding heliothermal energy of low temperature, Brazil masters the technology of flat solar collectors, but it would be important to develop other applications, for example, for refrigeration, selective surfaces, vacuum tubes. 

 

Regarding wind power, there’s need to adapt software, technologies and materials which are more appropriate to local conditions. There are already industrial plants acting in Brazil, including with technology transfer agreements.

 

Brazil is interested in increasing the use of technologies for biomass gasification, which is a technology still under development. Although there are a few national groups and companies working with such technology, and the country could benefit from international cooperation in this regard. Technologies for using ethanol from sugarcane are fully developed in Brazil, which is already transferring to other countries, including the know-how for integration with oil-based derived systems. There are research groups working with the whole biodiesel production chain, and the national industrial sector is fully capacitated for such production. There are opportunities for transferring technology to other countries.

 

Hydroelectricity is a mature technology in Brazil, which could be transferred to other countries. With regard to hydrogen, which is already produced in the country, additional efforts are needed in order to reduce costs for large-scale use in the energy sector.

 

With respect to natural gas and coal, there’s need to receive more advanced technologies, including from other developing countries, such as South Africa.  Natural gas is an area in which Brazil is making an effort to acquire technology especially for liquefaction and re-gasification.   

 

In general, good scientific and technological knowledge is found in Brazilian research centres relating to energy technologies. Nevertheless, industrial training does not follow the same pattern. This is the case with most advanced combustion and gasification technologies, with processes involving the conversion of solid fuels and gas to liquid fuels (Fischer-Tropsch) and in solar photovoltaic and thermal low temperature.

 

Concerning Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), Brazil is interested in developing and acquiring technologies through international cooperation. With regard to smart grids, there’s some knowledge in the country, but technology transfer for further development is desirable.

 

For the transport sector, there’s a growing interest in the use of lithium batteries for automobiles, which could help in the diffusion of electric vehicles. In Brazil there are companies that produce batteries, which could be qualified to master the technology of lithium batteries. There’s need for more research and development directed to the transport sector, mainly when it comes to developing the hydrogen bus and to flex-fuel technologies, especially for heavy vehicles.

 

Finally, referring to agriculture and livestock, Brazil has adopted the Low Carbon Agriculture Plan, which is a national policy to promote the increasing adoption of sustainable technologies with mitigation potential. Limitations to such diffusion refer to infrastructure and logistics, technical assistance, capacity-building gaps and availability of funding sources. It is particularly necessary to strengthen research, transfer of technology and technical assistance in order to support the implementation of the Plan in the next years. In this regard, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) is heavily investing in RD&I for the sector, taking into account mitigation and adaptation strategies. It’s been also leading technology transfer initiatives and, in so doing, searching for domestic and international linkages.

 

Hereinafter, the TNA Project will provide an opportunity for the country to identify and analyze priority technology needs and capacities, and to fully analyze barriers and enabling environments for technology transfer and development in support of mitigation and adaptation actions.    

 


Full Size Project(FSP)

National


Latin America and the Caribbean


Brazil


GEF Trust Fund

Stage Grant to UNEP Grant to other IA Co-Financing UNEP Fee Other IA Fee
Project
$ 2,775,000.00 $ 0.00 $ 9,444,375.00 $ 263,625.00 $ 0.00


No





External



Executing Agency Category

Partner Category

Name Category Period
Ruth Coutto
Principal

Low Risk

Risk Likelihood and Impact Mitigation 1. Have not identified and engaged the stakeholders effectively. Medium - that consultation will not result in full ownership of key stakeholders. There is low likelihood that recommendations will find their way into policies, plans or investments. The project will introduce state of the art consultation methodologies and ensure broad and inclusive consultation of all key stakeholders. MCTI will use its convening power to ensure that the complete representation with the right level of decision makers is secured. 2. Wrong or incomplete involvement of private sector partners. Medium - there is a risk the assessment will not capture the full nature of problems preventing technology transfer from the private sector/investment perspective Early-stage engagement of industry associations and right private sector partners related to the identified priority sectors and technologies. Establishment of a separate engagement dialogue with the above actors to ensure that their concerns and potential solutions are more deeply assessed and discussed (not only through multi-stakeholder consultative meetings) 3. Barrier analysis is not properly done.Low - this could lead to misplaced or ineffective solutions. The project will introduce robust and tested approaches to barrier analysis 4. The project will not have access to commercially sensitive information. High - the project will have not necessary information for complete analysis and prioritisation or sectors or technologies. The project will agree not to disclose commercially sensitive information 5. There will not be enough resources to undertake a full analysis of all relevant technologies and sectors. Medium - the project will not be able to cover all technologies and sectors in Brazil with mitigation and adaptation potential The project will prioritise 8-10 sectors and will assess 10-30 technologies for each priority sector, it will then prioritise 3-5 technologies for each priority sector. It will also build upon existing analysis and reports, including the National Communications, Mitigation options, and roadmaps to reduce costs of the project. 6. Lack of data to complete problem analysis Medium - where there is incomplete information on technology costs and other relevant data, it becomes difficult to understand the commercial viability or utility of a technology and whether it should be targeted. The project will establish a database, identify missing data gaps, collect and compile additional data as needed. 7. There is a risk that technology and sector priorities change with national circumstancesHigh - TNA and TAP analysis and priorities become outdated.The project will establish a mechanism to periodically review the TNA/TAP process to take into account emerging technologies and changing conditions that affect the viability of chosen technologies (policies/taxes/incentives)




0





Fiscal Year Project activities and objectives met


$ 0.00


No