Preparation of intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) to the 2015 Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Project General Information



Climate change

Climate Change


i.            There is growing concern that climate change constitutes a significant global challenge. Although environmental in nature, climate change impacts do often have adverse social and economic consequences. The fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states that warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and that each of the last three decades has been successively warmer at the earth’s surface than any preceding decade since 1850. Continued trend global warming is likely to pose great risks to human health, global food security, and economic development and to the natural system. At the heart of the response to climate change lies the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from human-related activities such as combustion of fossil fuels for energy, transport, industrial processes; deforestation, land clearing and agriculture. Driven by the need to combat climate change, governments at the 17th Conference of the Parties (COP) endorsed a process to negotiate and deliver a new global climate change agreement on greenhouse gas reduction by 2015 to be ratified in 2020. The mandate of the ADP is to develop a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties, which is to be completed no later than 2015 in order for it to be adopted at the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) and for it to come into effect and be implemented from 2020.


ii.            A decision at COP 19 {1/CP.19 Para 2(b)}invited parties to“ … initiate or intensify domestic preparations for their intended nationally determined contributions, without prejudice to the legal nature of the contributions, in the context of adopting a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties towards achieving  the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2 …” This COP decision has catalyzed a new approach within the international climate negotiations by requesting Parties to provide up front information about their ‘intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs)’ to the new global climate agreement. Parties are requested to communicate their INDC well in advance of the twenty-first session of the COP (by the first quarter of 2015 for those parties ready to do so). Once submitted, a technical analysis of the INDCs will be carried out to assess the proposed aggregate efforts by the international community to limit the rise of global average temperature to below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, consistent with the recommendation of the fifth Assessment Report (AR5). It will also indicate whether the proposed efforts will bring global emissions on a pathway consistent with achieving the objective of the Convention, set out in its Article 2. Based on the ex-ante assessment, the COP may recommend actions to Parties on their contributions, including on ways that the gaps could be closed.


iii.            UNEP has over the years supported the UNFCCC climate negotiation process and countries to comply with their reporting obligations. So far, over seventy countries have been supported to access GEF grants for preparing their national communications (NCs). In the recent past, UNEPs’ portfolio of climate change enabling activities has diversified to include recent GEF approvals for supporting thirty five Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) prepare biennial update reports prepare biennial update reports (BURs) nine countries to prepare INDCs. This project will support the following countries that have expressed their interest to UNEP to prepare and communicate their INDCs to the UNFCCC: Antigua and Barbuda, Fiji, Lesotho, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Seychelles, Turkmenistan, and Zambia – see letters of endorsements in Annex L. UNEP will support additional countries to access GEF-6 grants for INDC preparation, as and when official requests are received.


Medium-sized Project(MSP)



Niger, Afghanistan, Burundi, Dem Rep Congo, Maldives, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Chad, Nauru

GEF Trust Fund

Stage Grant to UNEP Grant to other IA Co-Financing UNEP Fee Other IA Fee
$ 1,800,000.00 $ 0.00 $ 180,000.00 $ 171,000.00 $ 0.00



Executing Agency Category

Partner Category

Name Category Period
GEF Staff

Low Risk

Delayed submission of INDCs High Expedited GEF funding request: Funds promptly disbursed to nine countries to initiate INDC processes as early as end of February 2015 INDC implementation at national level: COP adoption of INDC reporting guidelines at COP 20 Technical support provided to countries through the GSP UNEP will provide comprehensive guidance to project management team on project technical and financial reporting and work closely with project team to monitor project progress as outlined in the M & E schedule. Technical Capacity Low. Technical capacities do exist in the country but may not be available when needed.  Establish robust institutional arrangements and constitute technical working groups with agreed terms of reference, contracts and memorandum of understanding UNEP will advise on access to methodologies and guidance notes for INDC preparation, and recommend participation in country and sub-regional training workshops organized by GSP, and other organizations Political Medium Due to political stability and obligations of the Governments of the nine countries  As much as possible, make reference to existing national planning documents to guarantee political buy-in Strengthen action at national level for each country by linking project activities to line ministries, and sensitizing policymakers Climate risks/ Environmental Medium  Better coordination of efforts between institutions for risk assessment, improve early warning systems to mitigate impacts and increase resilience to extreme events


Fiscal Year Project activities and objectives met

$ 0.00