Develop the national implementation plan for the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and the Minamata Initial Assessment for the Minamata Convention on Mercury in Iraq

Project General Information


MIA & NIP Updating IRAQ

Harmful substances and hazardous waste

Persistent Organic Pollutants


OP6 - Promoting the Adoption of Renewable Energy by Removing Barriers and Reducing Implementation Costs

Integrated Approach to Ecosystem Management

Reduce and eliminate production, use and releases of POPs

Integrating sound chemicals management in GEF projects

Develop the National Implementation Plan (NIP) for the Stockholm Convention in order to comply with article 7 under the Stockholm Convention and develop the Minamata Initial Assessment (MIA) to facilitate the ratification and early implementation of the Minamata Convention.  

Stockholm Convention – NIP


Iraq ratified the Stockholm Convention 06 June 2016. Iraq recognizes its obligation under article 7 of the Convention to develop a National Implementation Plan (NIP) and transmit it to the Conference of the Parties (COP) within two years of entry into force of the Convention. Iraq also recognizes its obligation under article 15 to report at periodic intervals to the Conference of the Parties on the measures it has taken to implement the provisions of the Stockholm Convention.


Article 13 of the Convention sets out the principles on which “…developed country Parties shall provide new and additional financial resources to enable developing country Parties and Parties with economies in transition to meet the agreed full incremental costs of implementing measures that fulfil their obligations under the convention”. The GEF is a principal component of the financial mechanism of the Stockholm Convention and, as such, supports activities to meet its objectives. The GEF Council in its 17th meeting (May 2001) has decided that a typical enabling activity proposal is expected to have a total cost not exceeding $500,000.


At its fourth meeting, held from 4 to 8 May 2009, the COP, adopted decisions SC-4/10 to SC-4/18 that amended Annexes A (elimination) and C (unintentional production) of the Stockholm Convention to list nine additional chemicals  as Persistent Organic Pollutants (new POPs). The COP noted needs for guidance and technical/financial support for developing countries and countries with economies in transition, bearing in mind paragraph 1 of Article 12 of the Convention. The COP also noted that some of the listed chemicals, especially industrial chemicals, are still produced in some countries and used in many countries; others exist globally in stockpiles and wastes that need to be dealt with in accordance with Article 6 of the Convention. Some Parties expressed needs for guidance on how to identify chemicals contained in articles/products and also those released from unintentional production. At its fifth meeting, held from 25-29 April 2011, the COP to the Stockholm Convention, by decision SC-5/4 adopted endosulfan as the tenth new POP. At its sixth meeting, held from 28 April to 10 May 2013 the COP to the Stockholm Convention, by decision SC-6/13 adopted hexabromocyclododecane as the eleventh new POP. At its seventh meeting, held in 2015, the Conference included the adoption of decisions listing hexachlorobutadiene, pentachlorophenol and its salts and esters, and polychlorinated Naphthalenes to the Convention. This project will not include chemicals listed in 2015.


At COP-5, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) announced that it would make available grants of up to 250,000 USD to each eligible country embarking upon NIP review and updating. Parties to the Stockholm Convention were requested not only to include information on new POPs but also to update existing information on the twelve initial POPs.


The GEF Programming for its replenishment VI, Program 2 has allocated 20$ million to “support enabling activities and promote their integration into national budgets, planning processes, national and sector policies and actions and global monitoring” which highlights the strong commitment of the GEF to support countries to comply with the Stockholm Convention.


Through this project Iraq is applying for funds to develop its first NIP that will take into account 23 POPs listed in the Convention until COP 6.


Minamata Convention - MIA


The Minamata Convention on Mercury is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury. The major highlights of the Convention include a ban on new mercury mines, the phase-out of existing ones, control measures on air emissions, and the international regulation of the informal sector for artisanal and small-scale gold mining.



The Minamata Convention on Mercury identifies and describes in its Article 13 the financial mechanism to support Parties to implement the Convention.  It identifies two entities that will function as the Financial Mechanism: a) the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund; and b) A specific international Programme to support capacity-building and technical assistance. The GEF financial support of mercury related activities is included in the GEF VI Focal Area Strategies document, which addresses mercury issues under the Strategic Objective 1, Programme 2:  Support enabling activities and promote their integration into national budgets and planning processes, national and sector policies and action and global monitoring.  

Expedited Enabling Activity(EA)


Western Asia


GEF Trust Fund

Stage Grant to UNEP Grant to other IA Co-Financing UNEP Fee Other IA Fee


The project also contributes to the achievement of the expected accomplishment A under the UNEP biennial Programme of Work (PoW) 2016-2017 “countries increasingly have the necessary institutional capacity and policy instruments to manage chemicals and waste soundly, including the implementation of related provisions in the multilateral environmental agreements” . More precisely, the project contributes to the PoW outputs 5 “consolidated advisory and support services promote the sound management of chemicals at national level, including mainstreaming into national policies and programmes, instruments and schemes for the governance of chemicals production, use, trade and release”; and 2 “secretariat support provided to the intergovernmental negotiating committee to prepare a global legally binding instrument on mercury (the Minamata Convention on Mercury) during the interim period, prior to its entry into force”.


Through this project UNEP will provide national stakeholders with the policy and technical instruments needed to develop the NIP, ratify the Minamata Convention and will strengthen the national institutional capacity to the implementation of these Conventions.



The outcomes of this project are also aligned with the objectives of the proposed PoW and budget for the biennium 2018-2019 approved by UNEA in 2016, expected accomplishment A, policies and legal, institutional and fiscal strategies and mechanisms for sound chemicals management developed or implemented in countries within the framework of relevant multilateral environmental agreements and the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM).  The project will contribute to the indicator of achievement by increasing the number of countries that have used UNEP guidance in developing an Action Plan that promotes sound chemicals management and implement the Stockholm Convention.

Executing Agency Category

Partner Category

Name Category Period

Low Risk

Kevin Helps

Not Applicable


National Implementation Plans

National Capacity Self Assessments

Fiscal Year Project activities and objectives met

And under these there are a number of outcomes, with 3 of specific relevance to this project:


Outcome A2: National and sub-national government capacities for evidence-based decision making enhanced – with the project providing the Government of Iraq with the necessary data and information on POPs amounts and uses domestically, with updated information on international best practice for its management and capacity development among the responsible authorities for implementation of the developed management plans.


Outcome B1: Government and Communities’ resilience to disasters (man-made and natural) strengthened – the project will provide the Government of Iraq with updated information on potential challenges of POPs management to incorporate into related response strategies.



Outcome B4: Civil society organization capacities to hold government accountable for the provision of equitable and quality services strengthened – the project will work with all stakeholders, encouraging full stakeholder engagement in the assessment and development of the related management plans.

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Project Objective: Develop the National Implementation Plan (NIP) for the Stockholm Convention in order to comply with article 7 under the Stockholm Convention and develop the Minamata Initial Assessment (MIA) to facilitate the ratification and early implementation of the Minamata Convention.  

Project Component

Project Outputs

(in $)

GEF Project


Confirmed Co financing[1]

1.     Global technical support for NIP and MIA development

1.1      Capacity building and technical assistance provided to countries to develop NIPs and MIA while building sustainable foundations for their future implementation;


1.2      Knowledge management services provided.



2.     NIP and MIA development, NIP endorsement and submission to the Stockholm Convention Secretariat

2.1    Technical guidance and support provided to strengthen the national coordination mechanism for NIP and MIA development and future NIP implementation;


2.2    Comprehensive information on the current POPs and mercury management institutions and regulatory framework in the country compiled and made publicly available;


2.3    Desk review on the impacts to human health and the environment of POPs and mercury compiled and made publicly available;


2.4    National POPs inventories using the Stockholm Convention guidance documents  and inventories of mercury sources and releases developed using the UNEP Mercury Toolkit Level II developed;


2.5     Strategy for the identification of mercury contaminated sites developed;


2.6    Draft NIP developed based on identified national priorities;


2.7    Draft MIA developed;


2.8    Technical support provided to facilitate the NIP endorsement and submission to the Stockholm Convention Secretariat and the MIA validation.



3.    Monitoring and Evaluation

3.1    Status of project implementation and probity of use of funds accessed on a regular basis and communicated to the GEF;


3.2    Independent terminal evaluation developed and made publicly available.






Project Management Cost[2]



Total Project Cost




[1]Co-financing for enabling activity is encouraged but not required.

[2]This is the cost associated with the unit executing the project on the ground and could be financed out of trust fund or co-financing sources. For EAs within the ceiling, PMC could be up to 10% of the Subtotal GEF Project Financing.