Strengthening Argentina’s Transparency Framework on GHG Inventories and Mitigation

Project General Information



01617



Climate change

Climate Change

VI





In summary, this project aims to develop and strengthen Argentina’s transparency mechanisms over time through defining and designing country-owned methodologies for a Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system, starting from enhancing measurement through more robust Greenhouse Gas  inventories, strengthening arrangements and sectorial/local capacities for current mitigation actions and support received and tracking precise progress and the needs of adjustments for the short, mid and long term Nationally Determined Contributions targets.

 

More specifically, in order to overcome the above-mentioned transparency gaps, Argentina has identified the following eight areas/outputs for CBIT intervention grouped in three Outcomes.

 

The first Outcome 1.1 “Specific tools, institutional arrangements and technical capacities are developed so as Argentina´s national and subnational GHG inventory is established and shared” will be achieved through the delivery of the following Outputs:

 

1.1.1          Sectorial templates and consistency guidelines on data collection and reporting are developed and mainstreamed among stakeholders

 

The output will deliver an enhanced methodology and tools for Argentina to gather and compile, in a timely and efficient way, inventory relevant data, considering inputs from all involved public and private stakeholders and data providers.

 

This output will provide and introduction guideline to GHG inventory compiling, as well as standardized templates so as to formally establish how the data has to be processed, estimated and presented, solving the problem of external consultants doing the job on their own way. Moreover, the proposed activities will create capacities at the local/provincial level of data providers.

 

Proposed activities

Development of:

·         One compilation template, one guideline and one report for each inventory sector (Energy, IPPU, AFOLU, Waste),

·         One GHG inventory introductory guide for the training of new work force,

·         Training/workshop on the documents produced for each sector for technical staff involved in Inventory compiling as well as negotiators, within the Ministerial teams (for example, Energy, Agriculture, Foreign Affairs),

·         Trainings on provincial/ municipal GHG inventory reporting templates,

·         Translation matrix analysis and guidelines between IPCC and Global Protocol for Community-Scale (GPC) reporting formats,

·         Trainings for local governments on one pilot study - consistency between reporting forms between IPCC and GPC.

 

The proposed scope of work aligns to the following activities listed in the CBIT national programming directions: 18 (e), (d). Activities to provide relevant tools, training, and assistance for meeting the provisions stipulated in Article 13,

 

1.1.2          Institutional arrangements for sectorial inventories are formalized

 

This output will allow Argentina to propose a legal/institutional arrangement to be validated by the highest political level, for the involved ministries and data providers to be enforced to produce and report the necessary inventory activity data in the required time and manner.

 

Proposed activities

Development of:

  • Legal binding instruments such as a GNCC disposition proposal to enforce competent Ministries and data providers in the timely and periodic provision of GHG inventory relevant information according to the developed templates and guidelines.

 

The proposed scope of work aligns to the following activities listed in the CBIT national programming directions: 18 (j), Activities to assist with improvement of transparency over time.

 

 

1.1.3          Country-specific emission factors and data activity are developed and/or enhanced for at least two sectors

 

Within this output, Argentina will be able to efficiently enhance and precise its activity data and emission factors, through studies that will improve the understanding of the emission sources in order to gain inventory accuracy, including the development of local parameters and emission factors as well as bottom-up approaches.

 

Proposed activities

Development of:

  • Within AFOLU sector, a research study to evaluate how to improve Native Forest monitoring system by increasing the survey frequency and with the incorporation of cross-checks, particularly to quantify with more accuracy the silvo-pastoral activities (which currently may be accounted as deforested areas). Other alternative is to perform studies to elaborate models of C content in soils and dynamics of soil C or the evaluation of categories (Other Lands / Settlements / Wetlands) that in the current BUR have not been estimated due to the lack of data and methodologies.
  • Within Livestock sub-sector, a study to update the livestock models used to describe the characteristics of the animals produced in different regions.
  • Within Energy sector, an emissions-factor study for local fuels characteristics (Mineral Coal, Diesel, Fuel, Natural Gas, Biodiesel, Compressed natural gas (CNG), Biogas) according to different technologies used, and in particular for the Transport subsector including different vehicle categories.
  • Within Waste sector and IPPU, diverse surveys targeted to the main chambers of commerce within industrial wastewater and IPPU subsectors (private actors), to improve data to replace default estimations nowadays used.

 

Considering that Argentina’s 2014 national inventory showed that almost 40% of it’s emissions come from the AFOLU sector, it is planned to start with improvements in this sector where there are still some categories which are estimated with default data. Afterwards, the other activities proposed will be carried out if the funding is enough.

The proposed scope of work aligns to the following activities listed in the CBIT national programming directions: 18 (f), Activities to provide relevant tools, training, and assistance for meeting the provisions stipulated in Article 13.

 

1.1.4          Information sharing and knowledge management platform on national and subnational GHG inventory is enhanced

 

The proposed output will allow Argentina to have an enhanced platform for better engagement of all different sectors from the civil society. The main purpose is to create greater social awareness about climate change and the importance of climate global commitments.

 

Proposed activities

Development of:

  • Improvements to the inventory platform in terms of usefulness and dynamism,
  • Incorporation of interactive tools to address different types of audiences,
  • Training tools for all types of users

 

The proposed scope of work aligns to the following activities listed in the CBIT national programming directions: 18 (a), (c) on strengthening national institutions for transparency-related activities.

 

The second Outcome 2.1 “Mitigation actions and support received are tacked domestically” will be achieved through the delivery of the following Outputs:

 

2.1.1 Institutional arrangements for tracking mitigation actions and support received are formalized through the National Climate Change Cabinet

 

This output will deliver relevant legal/institutional arrangements proposals to address the lack of communication among ministries in order to establish common progress indicators and the lack of a standardized way to provide useful data for mitigation tracking.

 

Proposed activities

Development of:

  • Legal binding instruments such as a National Cabinet disposition proposal which states the obligations for the competent ministries to deliver timely and periodically the necessary information to track mitigation actions according the progress indicators developed and validated through the National Cabinet during 2017.

 

The proposed scope of work aligns to the following activities listed in the CBIT national programming directions: 18 (j), Activities to assist with improvement of transparency over time.

 

2.1.2 Sectorial templates/software and guidelines on mitigation actions and support received tracking are developed and mainstreamed among stakeholders within the National Climate Change Cabinet

 

Within this output, Argentina will create the corresponding tools for addressing the lack of common/comparable sectorial indicators for tracking mitigation progresses, in its path to creating a comprehensive MRV system.

 

 

Proposed activities

Development of:

  • Standardized data loading templates/software, with relevant flexibility to cover the particularities of all sectors, in order to gather relevant data for monitoring the progress of mitigation actions and the support received by the different ministries within the GNCC. These templates will use as their baseline the indicators developed by the Ministry of Environment validated through the National Cabinet during 2017.
  • At least nine guidelines to complete the templates emphasizing in the objective pursued for monitoring the progress of mitigation measures and support received by the different Ministries within the GNCC, based on the reporting requirements contained in the BUR (one per each GNCC sectorial thematic table).

 

The proposed scope of work aligns to the following activities listed in the CBIT national programming directions: 18 (d), (i) Activities to provide relevant tools, training, and assistance for meeting the provisions stipulated in Article 13.

 

The third Outcome 3.1 “GHG emissions modeling and economy wide scenarios are consistent and allow analysis of interactions” will be achieved through the delivery of the following Outputs:

 

3.1.1 Medium term models to evaluate the interactions between sectorial mitigation actions are developed (2020/2025)

 

Through this output, the country will find the proper means to assess in a holistic nation-wide scope if the mitigation actions in place are giving positive net results in the mid-term. This will allow making the corresponding policy modifications necessary to contribute achieving the mid-term global goals of the PA.

 

Proposed activities

Development of:

  • Modeling tools to analyze and assess the interaction between different sectorial mitigation actions and thus obtain more precise relevant data about the projected reductions in order to better estimate medium-term aggregate emission scenarios (2020-2025)

·         Common methodology and application guidelines to ensure compatibility and comparability of sectorial projections

·         Studies to obtain projections that can be included in the mitigation decision-making process

 

 

3.1.2 Economy-wide long term modeling and scenarios are developed and mainstreamed among the National Cabinet of Climate Change (2030/2040/2050)

 

This output will give Argentina a comprehensive perspective in order to confront measures taken with the long-term mitigation goals.

 

Proposed activities

Development of:

·         Simulation and modeling tools for the elaboration of long-term socioeconomic and sectorial projections which are coherent and compatible between different sectors.

·         Methodology, templates and guidelines to ensure consistency and comparability of long-term sectorial and socioeconomic projections among sectors so as to be used and included in the mitigation decision making process.

 

 

Both outputs 3.1.1 and 3.1.2 proposed scope of work aligns to the following activities listed in the CBIT national programming directions: 18 (b), Activities to strengthen national institutions for transparency-related activities in line with national priorities, and 18 (d), (e), Activities to provide relevant tools, training, and assistance for meeting the provisions stipulated in Article 13.


Expedited Enabling Activity(EA)

National


Latin America and the Caribbean


Argentina


GEF Trust Fund

Stage Grant to UNEP Grant to other IA Co-Financing UNEP Fee Other IA Fee
Project
$ 1,999,800.00 $ 0.00 $ 350,000.00 $ 189,981.00 $ 0.00

Geordie Colville

No





External



Executing Agency Category

Partner Category

Name Category Period
Principal

Moderate Risk

Risk Description Likelihood Mitigation alternative Insufficient base information Sectorial statistics and unprocessed data are not systematically nor periodically surveyed, therefore is it difficult to keep the consistency through the time series. High The realization of local studies and development of templates and methodologies will help to close some of the information gaps. Moreover, the inclusion of the data providers such as the Ministries in the development of the inventory will increase their commitment to produce base information. Lastly, the national Government has subscribed the Open Government Partnership which will stimulate the information creation and sharing. Professional and staff turn-over The NDCC has a high rotation rate of its staff, this replicates within the entire government. As many of the activities proposed in this project involve capacity building, there is a risk of migration or loss of the acquired capacities due to migration. Medium Elaboration of guidelines that will make sustainable the new capacities acquired. Periodic training cycles for different stakeholders within the National Climate Change Cabinet Insufficient participation of key institutions Data providers are key for the elaboration of the BURs and for planning and monitoring. If these key actors do not know or recognize its importance, the production of quality data will be compromised. Medium The project includes the elaboration of institutional arrangements to formalize timely data provision, and trainings that will raise awareness of the importance of each step of the information chain. Slow or inexistent coordination among institutions Nowadays the Ministries work very independently; there are few interactions between them beside the National Climate Change Cabinet. This can produce overlap of activities and makes difficult the information exchange. Medium/ Low Thanks to the National Cabinet, more interactions are emerging, and the meetings provide a perfect place to share activities and generate new exchange networks. Moreover, the creation of institutional arrangements will reinforce the maintenance of the communication channels Duplicity of activities among other related projects As it was stated in the above risk, the slow of inexistent communication between stakeholders can produce overlap activities Low The creation of an exchange space within the meeting of the National Cabinet offers the opportunity to share and connect between different areas and reduce the Lack of political willingness High political support is very relevant in order to keep all the involved Ministries on board and not to lose their commitment with the climate change issue. Low The fact that the National Climate Change Cabinet has been created by presidential decree, gives it much more impulse. The project plans as one of its activities the development of institutional arrangements to formalize the inter-ministerial interaction.




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Fiscal Year Project activities and objectives met


$ 0.00


No