Sustainable Low and Non-Chemical Development in SIDS (ISLANDS)–Caribbean Child Project

Project General Information



01727

ISLANDS Caribbean Child Project

10185

Harmful substances and hazardous waste

Persistent Organic Pollutants






The SIDS of the Caribbean are facing varying degrees of low growth, high debt, significant environmental vulnerabilities, and limited resilience to shocks. The countries of the Caribbean are small and can be categorized as service-based economies mainly tourism and financial services. Some larger countries such as Guyana, Belize and Trinidad and Tobago together produce oil/gas, minerals, and agricultural goods, and have had an overall better economic performance. They are small economies, very open to international trade, and highly exposed to natural disasters and economic shocks. Small size constrains the achievement of economies of scale and economic specialization. For waste and chemicals management, the key drivers are: 1. Public Health and concern for the safety and welfare of the population 2. The resource value of waste, which allows people to make a living from discarded materials through foraging at landfills 3. Closing the loop waste management which seeks to move from dealing with waste as an end of pipe issue towards a more holistic resource management. 4. Institutional arrangements and the Legislative framework have always plagued the Caribbean Region 5. Climate

The 4 components of the PFD will be implemented in this child project. Component 1: Preventing the Future Build-Up of Chemicals Entering Caribbean SIDS Activities to (i) establish standards and build capacity to control/limit and prevent the import of hazardous chemicals, products containing hazardous chemicals or products that will result in hazardous waste (including single-use plastics); (ii) train the customs/border control and trade officers, environmental inspectors as well as officers responsible for the sound management of chemicals; (iii) develop the regulatory/policy framework and standards for environmentally sound management of POPs, mercury, medical waste, e-waste, used oil, used lead acid batteries, end-of-life vehicles and assess the cost implications; (iv) Identification, assessment, validation of alternative products and chemicals products that meet the standards of the region. Component 2: Safe Management and Disposal of Existing Chemicals, products and materials within the Caribbean SIDs Activities include (i) supporting the establishment of integrated waste management strategy for products which are currently in the countries and (ii) the safe handling, treatment and where necessary disposal of existing chemicals, products and materials that contribute to the emissions of POPs and mercury. Regional approached will be implemented due to the small population size of the countries in the region. Component 3: Safe Management of Products entering SIDs/Closing Material and Product loops for Products entering the Caribbean SIDs Activities include the (i)development of legislation (where necessary) to support extended producer responsibility and other appropriate measures for imported products (ii) development of national and or regional private sector partnerships to improve national and regional recycling initiatives according to economies of scale; (iii) reduction of residual landfill waste through composting activities; Component 4: Knowledge Management and Communications 4.a. Activities will include the generation and development of case studies, guidelines, sharing of knowledge on best practices and technologies related to chemicals and waste management for SIDS. These materials will be shared with KM Child Project. Conversely it is expected that additional activities will occur under this component to disseminate knowledge from the KM project to Caribbean stakeholders in cooperation with local NGOs. There will be a focus on reaching vulnerable groups, including indigenous populations, and looking at gender considerations. 4.b. FAO will develop and enhance global instruments for strengthening the decision making process in relation to agrochemicals. The instruments will provide an opportunity to build human and institutional capacities in countries. Activities will include the (i) development of The Effect-Cause-Action Global tool (ECA-G) to assist countries in assessing the level of pollution in their territory caused by the irrational use of pesticides, HHPs/POPs. This tool will take into consideration the agrochemical pollution in a holistic way, integrating social, environmental and economic levels. (ii) The development of coherent strategies for 31 agrochemicals management, risk reduction and alternatives instruments for HHP free farming. (iii) The development of the instruments for collection and analysis of data relevant to registration and post registration of pesticides in order to provide the evidence to develop policies supporting an integrated approach, which takes into consideration environmental loss and health aspects. (iv) Incorporation of ecological risk and health assessments into pesticide registration will be enhanced through FAO Pesticide Registration Toolkit and specific guidelines developed jointly by FAO and WHO. (v) Guidance on and data collection and assessment to rank priority hazards and risks will be developed. Additional attention will be given to development of a core set of indicators, which can be used by countries to objectively assess and rank a wide range of potential interventions linked to agrochemicals, specially HHPs/POPs. Based on the 20 year FAO experience with rural communities, the development of adequate questionnaires and participatory approach instruments to collect and analyze data will also be part of the third and fifth actions. A particular attention will be given to the social dimension including indigenous people, vulnerable groups, children and women. These instrument will be then used by governments, other agencies and NGOs. 


Full Size Project(FSP)

Regional Multi Country


Latin America and the Caribbean


Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, St. Kitts and Nevis, Guyana, Belize, St. Lucia


GEF Trust Fund

Stage Grant to UNEP Grant to other IA Co-Financing UNEP Fee Other IA Fee
PPG
$ 327,000.00 $ 0.00 $ 0.00 $ 27,000.00 $ 0.00
Project
$ 11,990,000.00 $ 0.00 $ 0.00 $ 990,000.00 $ 0.00


No





External



Executing Agency Category
International NGO

Partner Category

Name Category Period






0





Fiscal Year Project activities and objectives met


$ 11,000,000.00


Yes